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What is Functional Assessment?

Does your child get into trouble in class? Are trips to the principal’s office common but unproductive? If so, you might be curious about new ways to address your child’s behavior. It may be time to ask the school to conduct a functional assessment, also known as a functional behavior assessment (FBA). What a Functional […]

What is Expressive Language Disorder?

Students with an expressive language disorder have problems using oral language or talking. The student’s understanding of language is likely to outstrip his/her ability to communicate with the spoken word. There may be a reticence to talk and students may resort to pointing or gesturing to get their message across. Expressive language may lack variation […]

What Is Educational Therapy?

Educational therapy is a general term for when an educator works one-on-one or in small groups with your child, usually outside the classroom. This can cover a lot. It could mean reading interventions, math interventions, life skills, specialist therapies, a counselor, a teacher who helps children learn study and organization skills. If educational therapy sounds […]

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia affects the learning process in relation to reading, writing and speaking, such difficulties being disproportionate to the student’s other academic abilities. Dyslexia is indicated by a mismatch between an individual’s assessed ability and his/her attainments in literacy-related areas. Dyslexia may affect the development of the student’s ability to remember in sequence what is seen […]

What is Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia affects a student’s ability to write coherently, regardless of their ability to read. Types identified include: Type 1: dyslexia dysgraphia where written work that is created spontaneously is illegible, copied work is good and spelling is poor. A student with dyslexia dysgraphia does not necessarily have dyslexia. Type 2: motor dysgraphia where the condition may be caused by […]

What is Dyscalculia?

Dyscalculia primarily affects the learning process in relation to Mathematics. Two of the types of dyscalculia that have been identified are: Type 1: developmental dyscalculia where students exhibit a marked discrepancy between their developmental level and general cognitive ability as it pertains to Mathematics. As a basic indicator of developmental dyscalculia students will perform below expectations […]

What is Down Syndrome?

In every cell in the human body there is a nucleus, where genetic material is stored in genes. Genes carry the codes responsible for all of our inherited traits and are grouped along rod-like structures called chromosomes. Typically, the nucleus of each cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of which are inherited from each […]

What is Development Verbal Dyspraxia (DVD)?

Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia (DVD) is used in Ireland and the UK to describe the same condition referred to in the USA as developmental apraxia of speech (DAS) or childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Speech and language therapists are the appropriate professionals to assess a child’s speech and language skills and to diagnose verbal dyspraxia, where […]

What is Development Co-ordination Disorder (DCD) Dyspraxia?

‘Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD), also known as Dyspraxia, is a common disorder affecting fine or gross motor co-ordination in children and adults. This condition is formally recognised by international organisations including the World Health Organisation. DCD is distinct from other motor disorders such as cerebral palsy and stroke. The range of intellectual ability is in […]

What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral palsy is a term used to refer to a group of complicated conditions that affect movement and posture because of damage to or failure in the development of the part of the brain that controls movement. This happens before birth, during birth or during early childhood before the brain’s growth has reached a certain […]

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